Climate Smart Futures: from Process Emissions to Planetary Boundaries

International Water Association, DANVA Emissions Reduction, Climate Action, Life-Cycle Analysis, Planetary Boundaries

Target Audience

Utilities, engineers, students and researchers in the wastewater sector


This webinar series is organised by the IWA Climate Smart Utilities Initiative in partnership with DANVA.

With a focus on progress in the Nordic region, this webinar series has highlighted the principles for a climate-neutral water sector, demonstrating some of the Danish national monitoring programmes for nitrous oxide and methane emissions and concrete actions by utilities. Following an initial webinar on collaborative progress in the Nordic water sector, and two detailed webinars on methane and nitrous oxide, the final webinar of the series will shift from process emissions to planetary boundaries.

Drawing on a newly published paper from the Climate Smart Utilities GHG Monitoring Working Group, the last webinar will introduce the concept of life cycle analysis (LCA) and show how this is being included in leading water sector projects as part of multi-criteria, participatory decision making. The webinar will also explore linkages in LCA beyond climate, to consider all impacts on our biosphere, introducing the concept of planetary boundaries which underlines our role as stewards of catchments and all within – including both water and nutrient cycles.

Learning Objectives

Following this session, participants will be able to:

  • Engage with stakeholders at the local and national levels around GHG emissions in the water sector
  • Understand the role of GHG assessment in wider decision making frameworks including life cycle analysis
  • Become familiar with the planetary boundaries framework
  • Understand how GHG accounting can support wider efforts to quantify life cycle analysis and the role water professionals can play in informed, sustainable analysis and decision making.


Additional Resources

Webinar Presentation slides

Towards a Climate Neutral Water Sector: the Nordic Experience

Monitoring and mitigating methane: Danish lessons for global action

Monitoring and mitigating nitrous oxide: Danish lessons for global action

Safe and just earth system boundaries and global and subglobal scale

The Planetary Boundaries framework 

From wastewater treatment to water resource recovery: Environmental and economic impacts of full-scale implementation

Challenges in carbon footprint evaluations of state-of-the-art municipal wastewater resource recovery facilities

Quantifying and Modelling of Fugitive Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Urban Water Systems

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Water Resources Recovery Facilities


International Water Association


  • Amanda Lake, Head of Carbon and Circular Economy, Jacobs, & IWA Climate Smart Utilities GHG monitoring Sub-group Lead, United Kingdom
  • Eoghan Clifford, Professor of Engineering, University of Galway, Ireland
  • Jacob Kragh Andersen, Head of Innovation, Sustainability in Wastewater, Envidan, Denmark
  • Inge Halkjær Jense, Project Director at Aarhus ReWater & Chief Engineer at Arhus Vand, Denmark
  • Maria Farago, Water sustainability specialist , Rambøll, Denmark