Sanitation safety planning

Organization World Health Organization
Author World Health Organization
Year 2015
Topics Wastewater systems, Water & Health
Level of action Water & Sanitation services/ Utility level


Sanitation Safety Planning (SSP) is a step-by-step risk based approach to assist in the implementation of the 2006 WHO Guidelines for Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater in Agriculture and Aquaculture. The approach can be applied to all sanitary systems to ensure the system is managed to meet health objectives.

SSP assists users to:

  • systematically identify and manage health risk along the sanitation chain;
  • guide investment based on actual risks, to promote health benefits and minimize adverse health impacts;
  • provide assurance to authorities and the public on the safety of sanitation-related products and services.

The SSP manual is targeted at a variety of users at different levels including; health authorities and regulators, local authorities, wastewater utility managers, sanitation enterprises and farmers, community based organizations, farmers associations and NGOs. SSP brings together actors from different sectors to identify health risks in the sanitation system and agree on improvements and regular monitoring and underscores the leadership role of the health sector.