Planning & Design of Sanitation Systems and Technology

Eawag-Sandec, EPFL Sanitation

Target Audience

Students and practitioners in low- and middle-income countries


Do you want to learn how to plan affordable and context-specific sanitation solutions? Do you want to be updated on the newest developments in urban sanitation planning and programming? Do you want to get insights about best practices examples of urban sanitation systems in low- and middle-income countries? If yes, this course is for you!

The course starts with an introduction about integrated sanitation planning, dealing with citywide planning as well as with planning for specific contexts such as informal settlements. After presenting different sanitation planning frameworks you will learn about the different systems and technologies – the key terminology and concepts and why systems’ thinking is crucial for urban environmental sanitation. The course covers the whole sanitation chain providing detailed information about appropriate sanitation systems (e.g. waterless pit-based, decentralized water-based, black water transport).

Learning Objectives

– Distinguish the different sanitation planning approaches from city to neighbourhood scale and understand why an enabling environment is key
– Relate the systems approach to urban sanitation and the different functional groups
– Evaluate the pros and cons of different treatment processes
– Distinguish contextualized sanitation solutions and different treatment options
– Analyze different diagnostic and analysis tools regarding institutional and financial arrangements, behaviour change, sanitation safety planning, and fecal waste flows