Implementing and Operationalizing Faecal Sludge Management

CASS, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), CDD Society, BORDA Sludge management

Target Audience

The training is primarily targeted at:
- Persons/ organisations interested in venturing into FSM as a business opportunity.
- Contractors and Operators who are keen to offer FSM as a service or product.
- STP operators who wish to engage FSM opportunities.

While, the training is designed from the above participants' perspective, it shall also cater to needs of :
- Engineering and management consultants who work in FSM planning
- NFSSM alliance members, partner organisations and other civil society organisation who wish to enhance their understanding of the implementation and operational details of FSM


The awareness for faecal sludge management (FSM) in India has been on the rise since 2016. With developments like the demonstration of pilot treatment facilities and the issuance of a National Policy on Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM), FSM has indeed arrived into the consciousness of many governments and private sector players. In the next five years, it is expected that more than 500 FSTPs will be designed, built and operated in India. However, presently there is a significant gap in the understanding of faecal sludge management opportunities and operations amongst practitioners such as contractors and operators. As a result, many tenders go unattended.

This training aims to address this gap by creating a pool of private sector enterprises, which can cater to the increasing demand for faecal sludge management services. The training will cover a wide range of topics covering opportunity landscape, technology, contracting models, regulations around FSM as well as provide an interactive bidding simulation experience to participants.
The training also includes experience sharing by a private entrepreneur on running FSM services in India and Malaysia.

Exposure visit: Participants shall visit a model FSM town – Devanahalli, where they shall interact with the private operator providing FSM as an integrated service to the town municipal corporation. In addition, participants shall also interact with representatives from the local government to understand their role in providing FSM at a town-scale and challenges of public-private partnerships.

Learning Objectives

At the end of the training participants shall be able to judge and analyse the opportunities in the FSM service chain and meaningfully create business models that shall enable them to participate in the opportunity while simultaneously addressing the environmental issues arising for improper sanitation.