by Harinaivo Anderson Andrianisa, Asengo Gerardin Mabia, Mahugnon Samuel Ahossouhe and Seyram Kossi Sossou (2ie), Tontama Sanou, Soumaila Sodre (ONEA), Sam Drabble (WSUP) and Dewi Rimayani Hanoum (UN Habitat)Download story
Informal settlements in the context of Ouagadougou are human settlements that are not structured (not shown in the cadastral plan) and occupied outside the official rules for acquiring housing land and in the absence of official land tenure. Access to land is achieved through negotiations with customary owners, but this procedure is not formally recognized by the urban authorities. The proliferation of informal settlements in Ouagadougou is the result of a housing crisis and rapid population growth.
The political will to improve living conditions in the informal settlements of Ouagadougou is increasing. A national strategy for upgrading informal settlements has been developed, as part of the review of the national urban policy. The review was prompted by the Saaba informal settlement upgrading project, which led to the provision of integrated basic services such as running water, sanitation, electricity and passable roads.
This case study draws lessons from the Saaba pilot project for clarifying responsibilities and improving wastewater and faecal sludge services at citywide scale, including in informal settlements.