Information resources on water and COVID-19
The Covid-19 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is raising many questions for the water supply and wastewater sector around the world. This includes the public seeking reassurance about potential concerns. The organisations who provide water and wastewater services have to respond to this and cope with the direct impact of the pandemic on their workforces. Attention to the crucial contribution of handwashing in preventing the spread of the disease is highlighting the importance of access to water supply, sanitation and hygiene. The list goes on.
Information is key. Here we provide links to some of the leading and most respected sources to help support understanding and discussion at this crucial time.
Among these sources, the World Health Organization is a primary reference point. Its most recent guidance summarises current thinking. Importantly, this includes thinking built on the substantial relevant understanding of coronaviruses, including that gained regarding the SARS outbreak of 2003. Further information is provided by organisations such as national health agencies and research organisations.
The activities of water supply and wastewater service providers are already directed at protecting public health, especially from pathogens. Covid-19 is nonetheless a new disease. We will aim to support discussion on issues requiring attention, especially the evolving science.
Alongside this, water supply and wastewater operators provide an essential service. The information sources cover the need to protect and prioritise this workforce in times of need, as well as the safety of staff in their work environment.
World Health Organization
Water, sanitation, hygiene and waste management for COVID-19 – Interim Guidance, 23 April 2020
South African Water Research Commission – Fact Sheet: Water quality, sanitation and hygiene management in light of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
Germany’s public Coronavirus resource – Basic information on the coronavirus, including statements on water
Water Services Association of Australia – COVID-19 Fact Sheet
Water Services Association of Australia – Fact sheet: COVID-19 and wastewater NEW
US Department of Homeland Security – Science and Technology Directorate – Master Question List for COVID-19 (Caused by SARS-CoV-2) Updated weekly
Global Water Research Coalition – Fact sheet: The COVID-19 Virus – “Water, Sanitation and Wastewater Management” UPDATED VERSION 25 MAY 2020
IWA Publishing – COVID-19 Manual Urgente para Operadores de Gestión Urbana de Agua (Español)
American Water Works Association – COVID-19 response: water sector preparation, vigilance crucial
American Water Works Association – Report: The Financial Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis on U.S. Drinking Water Utilities NEW
Canadian Water & Wastewater Association – Links and resources, including CWWA Water Sector Pandemic Action Plan
Water Environment Federation – The Water Professional’s Guide to COVID-19
United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration
US Environmental Protection Agency – Water Utility Resources for the COVID-19 Pandemic – USA
Global Water Operators’ Partnerships Alliance – What Water and Sanitation Operators Can do in the Fight Against COVID-19.
IWA Online Panel Expert Discussion
- COVID-19: Sewage monitoring for public health NEW
- COVID-19: WASH In Vulnerable Communities
- COVID-19: The Regulators’ Response
- COVID-19: A Utility Leaders’ Response
- COVID-19: A Water Professionals’ Perspective
Isle Utilities – Global utility COVID-19 resources, including recorded webinars
US Environmental Protection Agency – Frequent Questions about Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Water transmission and COVID-19
Sanitation and Water for All – Resources on COVID-19 and WASH
RESEARCH FOCUS: COVID-19 MONITORING IN WASTEWATER
Samendra P Sherchan, Shalina Shahin, Lauren M Ward, Sarmila Tandukar, Tiong G Aw, Bradley Schmitz, Warish Ahmed, Masaaki Kitajima First detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater in North America: A study in Louisiana, USA Science of the Total Environment (2020) (available online 30 June 2020) NEW
Y Wu, C Guo, L Tang, Z Hong, J Zhou, X Dong, H Yin, Q Xiao, X Qu, L Kuang, X Fang, N Mishra, J Lu, H Shah, G Jiang, X Huang Prolonged presence of SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA in faecal samples Lancet Gastroenterol. Hepatol., 5 (5) (2020), pp. 434-435 (published March 20, 2020)
G Medema, L Heijnen, G Elsinga, R Italiaander, A Brouwer Presence of SARS-Coronavirus-2 in sewage MedRxiv, (2020) 2020.03.29.20045880 (published March 30, 2020)
F Wu, A Xiao, J Zhang, X Gu, WL Lee, K Kauffman, W Hanage, M Matus, N Ghaeli, N Endo, C Duvallet, K Moniz, T Erickson, P Chai, J Thompson, E Alm SARS-CoV-2 titers in wastewater are higher than expected from clinically confirmed cases MedRxiv (2020) 2020.04.05.20051540 (published April 7, 2020)
W Ahmed, N Angel, J Edson, K Bibby, A Bivins, JW O’Brien, PM Choi, M Kitajima, SL Simpson, J Li, B Tscharke, R Verhagen, WJM Smith, J Zaugg, L Dierens, P Hugenholtz, KV Thomas, JF Mueller First confirmed detection of SARS-CoV-2 in untreated wastewater in Australia: A proof of concept for the wastewater surveillance of COVID-19 in the community Sci. Total Environ (2020) 138764 (published April 14/18, 2020)
A Nemudryi, A Nemudraia, K Surya, T Wiegand, M Buyukyoruk, R Wilkinson, B Wiedenheft Temporal detection and phylogenetic assessment of SARS-CoV-2 in municipal wastewater MedRxiv (2020) 2020.04.15.20066746 (published April 20, 2020)
W Randazzo, P Truchado, EC Ferrando, P Simon, A Allende, G Sanchez SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater anticipated COVID-19 occurrence in a low prevalence area Water Research (2020) 181 (available online 16 May 2020) UPDATED
S Wurtzer, V Marechal, J-M Mouchel, L Moulin Time course quantitative detection of SARS- CoV-2 in Parisian wastewaters correlates with COVID-19 confirmed cases MedRxiv (2020) 2020.04.12.20062679 (published May 6, 2020)
BA Kocamemi, H Kurt, S Hacioglu, C Yarali, AM Saatci, B Pakdemirli 2020 First Data-Set on SARS-CoV-2 Detection for Istanbul Wastewaters in Turkey MedRxiv (2020) 2020.05.03.20089417 (published May 6, 2020)
RESEARCH & BACKGROUND
IWA Publishing COVID-19 related resources
S Matsui. Water Science & Technology Protecting human and ecological health under viral threats in Asia
Innocent K Tumwebaze; Joan B Rose; Nynke Hofstra; Matthew E Verbyla; Isaac Musaazi; Daniel A Okaali; Rose C Kaggwa; Irene Nansubuga; Heather M Murphy. Journal of Water & Health Translating pathogen knowledge to practice for sanitation decision-making
S R Peterson; N J Ashbolt. Water Science & Technology Viral risks associated with wastewater reuse: modeling virus persistence on wastewater irrigated salad crops
Jelena Vujcic; Pavani K Ram; Lauren S Blum. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for DevelopmentHandwashing promotion in humanitarian emergencies: strategies and challenges according to experts
Lidia Morawska, Donald K Milton It is time to address airborne transmission of COVID-19 NEW
Last updated: 8 July 2020
IWA does not accept responsibility for the material of other sources.